These principles are intended to aid members of IRPA Associate Societies in maintaining a professional level of ethical conduct related to radiation protection. They are to be regarded as guidelines. Members of Societies may use them to determine the propriety of their conduct in all relationships in which they are exercising their professional expertise. Associate Societies are encouraged to adopt or incorporate them as appropriate. If there is reason to believe that a member has breached this Code of Ethics, the Society to which the member belongs is expected to investigate and take appropriate measures.